Latest news from Emma in the Heritage Garden.

The spring display as well as fruit blossom have been and gone already. It has been a good year for the veg patch so far, much better than this time last year when the weather had been good for nothing but slugs. I have some nice crimson flowered broad beans coming and the peas are also growing well.

Roses in Pendle Heritage Centre Garden. Attribution: Emma Walker
At the moment the cornflowers are the main highlight though it is a bit of an intermittent time. The Roses should be out fully in the next few weeks. The delphinium in the kitchen garden is also full of bud.
Keep watching this space for more news and hopefully before long we may be able to see the garden for ourselves.

All images attributed to Emma Walker.

Roses in Pendle Heritage Centre Garden. Attribution: Emma Walker
Oliver Cromwell. Lord Protector of the Commonwealth. Attribution: Public Domain. Gaspar de Crayer – http://www.lastoria.org/immagini/cromwell.jpg

From Wharfedale’s Moorland Ridges near Knaresborough and down to the Ribble Valley Plain and the Battle of Preston, Nick Burton will take us on a walk through Yorkshire and Lancashire, retracing the route followed by Oliver Cromwell’s New Model Army in four days as his Parliamentary forces marched to engage with the Royalist forces marching south from Scotland into North-West England.

The Chevin. Otley. Attribution: Nick Burton

The opposing forces met on the bridge over the River Ribble and the Battle of Preston, 1648, was a decisive battle that heralded the end of the English Civil Wars.

Pendle Hill from the Ribble Valley. Attribution: NIck Burton

The walk follows closely the route recorded in Cromwell’s own dispatches to Parliament, a route that takes in Otley, Ilkley, Skipton, Gisburn, Clitheroe, Stonyhurst, Longridge and Preston.

Along the way we follow majestic stretches of the Rivers Wharfe, Aire, Hodder and Ribble and encounter a rural landscape of forests and parkland, medieval castles and churches, hill forts and ruined abbeys. Nick will uncover a landscape that, in places, has barely changed since the 17th century.

Nick is a well known and received public speaker and has a company that provides a variety of walking holidays.

The Chevin. Otley. Attribution: Nick Burton

Banner Image: Otley Bridge. Attribution: Nick Burton

Alan Young has been studying and photographing railway stations in Britain and Ireland since the early 1960s and he will give us a photographic guided tour of stations which have closed in Pendle and the neighbouring area: whilst there will be an emphasis on Pendle, the survey will stretch as far as the northern edge of Manchester, the Fylde, Ilkley and Halifax.

Withnell 17th April. 1977. Attribution: Alan Young

The passenger railway system in Britain spread rapidly but in a somewhat haphazard manner from the 1820s until World War I. Although there were a few closures even before 1860, the shrinkage of the network and closure of stations began to be significant around 1930. After a period of stability closures resumed after World War II, gathering pace in the 1950s, then the much maligned ‘Beeching Plan’ of 1963 unleashed a frenzy of closures. In the early 1970s the closure of lines and stations almost ceased, and since that time the trend has reversed, with several hundred stations opening or reopening and some substantial lengths of railway reinstated (including Rose Grove to Hebden Bridge in 1984). Competition from road transport – electric trams, then motor buses and private cars – and major improvements to the road network during the twentieth century provide the most obvious, but not the only, reason for the loss of so many of our railway lines and stations.

Earby Station in 1976
Attribution:Alan Young

Dr Richard (later Lord) Beeching is often wrongly blamed for all railway closures, and within twenty miles of Pendle Heritage Centre the bulk of passenger railway and station closures took place before his intervention. Before World War II Longridge lost its trains; Rochdale to Bacup lasted only until 1947 one of its stations (Britannia) having closed as early as 1917. Bott Lane, the nearest station, as the crow flies, to Pendle Heritage Centre closed in 1956 followed by the Padiham Loop in 1957, Blackburn to Chorley and Wigan in 1960 and Blackburn to Clitheroe and Hellifield in 1962. The Barnoldswick branch and the lines from Bury to Bacup and Accrington survived long enough for Dr Beeching to propose their closure, which soon took place. Curiously Beeching did not recommend withdrawal of Colne to Earby and Skipton services (only Thornton-in-Craven station would close) but the service was nevertheless extinguished in 1970. The proposed reopening of this line is a lively local issue in 2019.

What remains of the local closed stations? Sadly, very little. Even some of the operational stations, such as Colne, have been simplified beyond recognition. Most of the closed local stations were of limited architectural merit and few of their buildings were considered worthy of conversion to residential or commercial uses. The three Padiham Loop stations and the four between Colne and Skipton have been razed (though the building from Foulridge has been lovingly reconstructed on the preserved Worth Valley Railway near Keighley). In contrast, in rural Northumberland eleven stations, most of them closed for almost ninety years, but all of them elegantly designed, survive between Alnwick and Coldstream.

Alan has written several books on railways in northern England, most recently Lost stations of Yorkshire, in two volumes, one of which has a chapter devoted to Earby. He is also a member of the team that compiles the Disused Stations website having himself produced the local features on Colne to Skipton, Rose Grove to Hebden Bridge, Bacup to Rochdale and Bury and the Micklehurst Loop (Diggle to Stalybridge) as well as on Bott Lane and a history of Catlow Quarries near Nelson. Which means we will be listening to an expert and benefitting from his experience and past work.

Banner Image: Great Harwood [2] 1952 (John Mann collection)

Cost: Members £3.00 Non-members  £4.50     Refreshments provided

 

Morning ActivityRecording of Cockshutts Barn, Sabden.   Come and develop your archeology skills ..

We aim to meet to create a complete record of this barn using photographic, measuring and recording skills. Meet at the barn at 10 15am.   Suitable clothing for the weather.  Stout footwear, it may be uneven underfoot.

Lunch at PHC.  Bring your own lunch or visit the cafe.

Afternoon Activity in the Green Room at PHC – Back to the drawing board!

Attribution: Foto:Fortepan – ID 183. 1960

Instruction in the use of the drawing board and the opportunity to draw out the results from the morning session.

Plus a talk on “All you wanted to know about clay tobacco pipes and their place in the archaeological jigsaw puzzle”.

New members welcome.

Come and join us for an approximate two hour stroll around Wycoller led by our Chairman Dr David Taylor.

Atom Panopticon set in the Wycoller Landscape. Attribution: markbelshaw

The walk will commence at the car park on the outskirts of the village and proceed to look at the winter pasture of the Nether Wycoller vaccary together with the adjacent field system of the early settlement of Wycoller.  We will then proceed to look at the summer pasture of the vaccary.  From this high vantage point other features of the landscape will be identified including the Over Wycoller vaccary.  The walk will then conclude by walking alongside Wycoller Beck and through the village with its bridges and historic buildings.

Vaccary Walling at Wycoller Attribution: John Darch

The archaeological group have done quite a lot of work in the Trawden/Wycoller area over the years and who better to lead us and explain the findngs of the group as we progress than David who is a founding member of our archaeological group.

Unusual Gatepost above Wycoller. Attribution: Peter Worrell

Approximately two miles in length, there may be some steep parts.  Bring suitable footwear and clothing suitable for the weather.  We may even need sun hats and sun cream and water of course!We hope you will join us at the Rock Cafe in Wine Wall for lunch after the walk.

Banner Heading attribution:mark anderson

Laitre Hills Cottage, Wycoller. Attribution:trappedinburnley