Oliver Cromwell. Lord Protector of the Commonwealth. Attribution: Public Domain. Gaspar de Crayer – http://www.lastoria.org/immagini/cromwell.jpg

From Wharfedale’s Moorland Ridges near Knaresborough and down to the Ribble Valley Plain and the Battle of Preston, Nick Burton will take us on a walk through Yorkshire and Lancashire, retracing the route followed by Oliver Cromwell’s New Model Army in four days as his Parliamentary forces marched to engage with the Royalist forces marching south from Scotland into North-West England.

The Chevin. Otley. Attribution: Nick Burton

The opposing forces met on the bridge over the River Ribble and the Battle of Preston, 1648, was a decisive battle that heralded the end of the English Civil Wars.

Pendle Hill from the Ribble Valley. Attribution: NIck Burton

The walk follows closely the route recorded in Cromwell’s own dispatches to Parliament, a route that takes in Otley, Ilkley, Skipton, Gisburn, Clitheroe, Stonyhurst, Longridge and Preston.

Along the way we follow majestic stretches of the Rivers Wharfe, Aire, Hodder and Ribble and encounter a rural landscape of forests and parkland, medieval castles and churches, hill forts and ruined abbeys. Nick will uncover a landscape that, in places, has barely changed since the 17th century.

Nick is a well known and received public speaker and has a company that provides a variety of walking holidays.

The Chevin. Otley. Attribution: Nick Burton

Banner Image: Otley Bridge. Attribution: Nick Burton

Meet 10 15 – 10 45 am in  the back room of the cafe at the Heritage Centre.

Bring lunch and a warm drink.

Suitable clothing and  footwear for the weather. The walk is on public paths but the going is likely to be variable and may feel quite exposed.

This walk will be a circular route from Blacko up towards Admergill Pasture and is unlikely to exceed four miles.

There will not be a an organised wet weather activity.

Attribution: Florian Prischi, Sinai Desert

The prehistory walks will aim to make the most of the low vegetation and absence of leaves that gives a better view of the topography.

Leader Alex Whitlock.

Banner Image: Near Craggs, Attribution Alex Whitlock

Book your seat on the coach for this grand day out with a difference.  We’ll be travelling by road, water and air (all in one day)!

Departing from Padiham at 9.00am we’ll travel to Northwich by road for a visit to that incredible feat of Victorian engineering, the Anderton Boat Lift.  We then take in a river cruise before rising into the air on the boat lift!  Have you flown in a narrowboat before?  No mother, not on your broomstick, in a narrowboat!

After lunch we travel across Cheshire on a short mystery trip to see a rare architectural gem, known by only a (not very) select few.  Dating back to the 15th century it’s a must see for anyone interested in vernacular architecture.  We arrive back at Padiham for approx. 6 – 6.30pm.

£39.00 per person which includes the coach travel, boat trip and flight.  How do they do it for the money I hear you say. A more detailed itinerary will be sent out to everyone nearer the date but the mystery location will not be revealed until we leave Northwich!

Please send your payments as soon as possible, either by cheque, made payable to “PH Archaeology Travel Club”  to Frances Howarth, 48 Marsden Hall Road, Nelson, BB9 9PA, or by electronic payment to Sort Code 40-34-47, a/c no. 30063363, with an email to frances.howarth@ntlworld.com to advise her that payment has been made.

SATURDAY 22nd September.

Sounds like a reet gud do.


Come and see what we have been up to in order to keep the show of The Friends of Pendle Heritage on the road.   Along with all the usual stuff of an AGM which we aim to keep to around half an hour, Andrea Smith will come and talk from her wide range of knowledge of the area about various aspects around Pendle.

As a committee we feel it is important that people come along and tell us what we have been doing right (or wrong)!  We need to make sure activities and lectures are what people want.  We have asked for input re outings and speakers and the Speaker Programme for 2019 is being formulated as we write, so if there is anything you would like to see contact us at the Heritage Centre.

Andrea will present a miscellany of iconic views, historic buildings and objects of interest all within the bounds of Pendle Hill.

What is the purpose of the large bell at the side of the road?

Why is there a cross on top of a secular building?

Whose gravestone depicts a beautifully sculptured violin?

Who knows the history and the tales to be told?

More questions asked and answered in this pictorial presentation of beautiful and historic Pendle.

See remains of double edged stone circle in foreground at Malham and Pendle in the distance

There will be no charge for members or non members and free refreshments.

…so come along and tell us what you think.

If you’d like to stand as an officer or as a member of the committee please let us know at least 7 days prior to the AGM.


Having seen David Joy speak, I can heartily recommend him both as a speaker and because the story of the Liverpool Cowkeepers is a truly fascinating local and social history both of the area and cow keeping and his family involvement in the dairy business.

David felt compelled to make it the subject of his second book. It is the story of his family who lived in Hebden and the many families like his who, in the mid-1800s, left their farms in the Yorkshire Dales and relocated to the city of Liverpool in order to keep cows in their back yards and to sell fresh milk to a booming industrial population.  Although we live in what was a heavy industrialised area we were and are lucky in north east Lancashire to be surrounded by green fields and hills and to have fresh milk from the farms, however it wasn’t so easy in Garston, Liverpool due to the rapid expansion of housing and industry. Cows were seen in this locality not in fields but at the end of the street or next door in the Wellington Dairy.

It seems that after David retired he researched his family history and reflecting back on what must have been a wonderful childhood he decided to continue researching whilst waiting for his first book My Family and Other Scousers to be published. Rita Tushingham found this book to be filled with “such charm and innocence” and “a pleasure to read”.
He came to realise that although this book marked a very early chapter in his life, it also represented the final chapter of a way of life that had stretched back over some 150 years.

David spent a number of years researching the topic, searching out published and unpublished works, scrutinising archived newspapers and official documents and talking with people who had their own memories of cows being kept in Liverpool. His book, Liverpool Cowkeepers, is lavishly illustrated with photos both from his family collection and from the collections of others.  He also has a dedicated web site, should you wish to read more about his books or about the history of the Liverpool Cowkeepers. (www.davejoy-author.com)

This is what they say:

“Do what you love to do, and be around things that make you smile. The cows make me smile every day.” – David Jackson, Bentwood Dairy

Dairy farming is thousands of years old, Virgil is said to have written, “the farmers would count themselves lucky, if they only knew how good they had it..” (or words to that effect in Latin).   It is doubtful whether most farmers in Europe would agree with him today.   Although, the following quotes, though seemingly out of date, may yet hold resonance in a post modern world.

“The welfare of the farmer is vital to that of the whole country. The prosperity of the country rests peculiarly upon the prosperity of agriculture.”  President William Taft

“Agriculture is our wisest pursuit, because it will in the end contribute most to real wealth, good morals and happiness.“           President Thomas Jefferson

More locally we have a local farmer Bobby Gill of Cockshutts Farm, Heyhouses Sabden, who is helping the group with research of the old area round Sabden and Pendle Hill.  Bobby is no slouch, his farm is one of very few in the area to supply fresh organic milk straight to the public via a vending machine.  See https://www.google.com/search?q=milk+from+cockshutts+farm+sabden&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&..


It could be said that Stephen Caunce is something of a local lad, he grew up in Newton le Willows and it is highly probable that his choice of career was influenced by being surrounded by the local industrial history. “From an early age (he was) stimulated by a fascination with historic landscapes, community identities and the practical consequences of the Industrial Revolution.” (https://stephencaunce.wordpress.com/about/)

Factory Children. Courtesy S. Caunce

Steven states that in the 1960s historians universally accepted that something fundamental changed in economic terms between 1750 and 1850. Intensive production of textiles, ceramics and metal goods began on a scale never seen before, and they became much more affordable.

Courtesy S. Caunce

Also it was agreed from the outset that the most dramatic changes occurred in the textile industries clustered in obscure Pennine valleys between Manchester and Leeds, as first water and then steam were made to drive newly invented machinery. 

Since then, however, this theory has been attacked from several different angles, and the picture that now exists is actually more confused and confusing than it has ever been. In particular, it is contended that economic change had already been going on for some time; that textiles were not as crucial as had been thought; and finally that it is impossible to give reasons why a Pennine location should have made a positive difference.

Horrockses Mill
Courtesy S. Caunce

After a lifetime reflecting on this, and researching it on the ground, Stephen will argue in his talk that the original argument was largely correct, and that if we accept that it was all driven by a combination of factors, rather than one on its own, we can see good reasons why one section of the Pennines took the lead for a century, and probably no other area could have played this role. He will also argue that the changes depended on general involvement in the process, which created real rewards for large numbers at least part of the time, rather than the whole thing being driven by exploitation.

Co-op Fletcher Rd. Preston
Courtesy S.Caunce

Stephen is a historian, an author and has curated at Beamish and Kirklees Museums and worked as a lecturer at UCLAN which makes him very experienced in his field. So, if industrial history is your ‘bag’ then this is a talk that is not to be missed and even if it is not, we can guarantee you will find something here to fascinate.

And this is what they say:

 “In the industrial revolution Britain led the world in advances that enabled mass production: trade exchanges, transportation, factory technology and new skills needed for the new industrialised world”.       Lucy Powell
“The Industrial Revolution caused a centuries-long shift in power to the West; globalization is now shifting the balance again”.
Dennis C. Blair
The following quote provides food for thought..

“Jobs are a centuries-old concept created during the Industrial Revolution. Despite the reality that we’re now deep in the Information Age, many people are studying for, or working at, or clinging to the Industrial Age idea of a safe, secure job”.       Robert Kiyosaki


Unfortunately the talk by David Johnson on Early Medieval North Craven has had to be postponed and we are grateful to Kevin Illingworth who has stepped in to help us out.  Kevin was to do the same talk in 2019, however, he is with us a year earlier than anticipated.

Higher Hill Farmhouse, Tockholes (late C17th?)

He is well known for his great interest, knowledge and expertise of Vernacular Buildings, particularly in the Lancashire/Yorkshire area.

Retainers Quarters-Bashall Hall

This will be a  well-illustrated talk featuring farmhouses and other buildings built in the local style from c.1500 to the early C19th. Architectural features will be shown, some of these being peculiar to the Lancashire (and Yorkshire) Pennines and are rarely found elsewhere for example jettied porches, ogee-headed windows, corbelled garderobes, decorated dated door heads, gable weather walls and witch-posts.

Shuttleworth Hall, Hapton

Groups and societies that visit traditional buildings will be mentioned. Plans of houses will include a few of the unusual end-passage plans of the Burnley and Pendle areas. Firehoods: most farmhouses had timber and plaster hooded chimneys, sometimes built as late as the 1740s, will be depicted.

Bank Hall (Lamb Club), Church Street, Barrowford

If you are at all interested in vernacular buildings this will be a gem of a talk, one not to be missed.

And this is what they say:

“Architecture starts when you carefully put two bricks together. There it begins.”  –  Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

“Architecture, of all the arts is the one which acts the most slowly, but the most surely, on the soul”. -Ernedt Dimnet

“Fashion is architecture, it is a matter of proportions”. –  Coco Chanel


All images are courtesy of Kevin Illingworth and are noted as follows.

Shuttleworth Hall, Hapton (with arched outer gate of stone)
Retainers’Quarters, Bashall Hall (timber-framed above stables)
Spenser’s House, Hurstwood (with 3 gables) – on the banner heading
Higher Hill, Tockholes (with corbelled garderobe)
Bank Hall, Barrowford

She’s back!!

Those of you who faintly recognise the above words from John Masefield’s Cargoes poem, will probably be extremely interested to hear Maggy Simms talk on Ancient Iraq – The Land Between the Two Rivers. We are very pleased to welcome her back after she who thrilled us in 2016 with her talk on the Minoans and Myceneans and its comparisons to present conditions in the west.

Ram in a Thicket

Some 5000 years ago wealthy cities emerged in Mesopotamia, the land between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris. In this talk Maggy will explore this ancient landscape and its people, its treasures and the legacy it left to the modern world. The Garden of Eden, the Great Flood and the birthplace of Abraham figure among legends that originated here, and its cities such as Babylon enjoyed unparalleled wealth and sophistication.

‘Queens’ Lyre

Maggy’s talk will encompass the Ziggarats that probably inspired biblical story of The Tower of Babel. These buildings were a testament to the power, culture and skills of these ancient people and it is thought that they were built principally by the  Sumerians, Akkadians and Babylonians not for public worship but to make the temples closer to heaven and therefore to God    One of the largest and best-preserved ziggurats of Mesopotamia is the great Ziggurat at Ur.

Some of the truly fabulous artefacts found at Ur can be seen in the British Museum and are demonstrated on this page.  They were found in the Great Pit in the Royal Cemetery. The ‘Queens” lyre is beautifully decorated with lapis lazuli and a bulls head.  Leonard Woolley who uncovered the artefacts and skeletal remains apparently stated that the scene was as if  “the last player had her arm over her harp, certainly she played to the end”.  The gorgeous Ram in a Thicket, one of a pair, thought to be table stands, was another stunning find. As was the Royal Standard, made of ivory and lapiz lazuli.

Royal Standard of Ur. Made with ivory and lapis lazuli.

Modern reconstruction and preservation of one of the lyres pays testament to the will and commitment of people,  some in war torn areas, to preserve aspects of their ancient past.  See http://celticharpblog.com/lyre-of-ur/ or Wikipedia for more gorgeous images.

Ziggarat at Ur

So come along and dig deeper  into the ancient past of Mesopotamia  in our first lecture of the 2018/19 season.

And Masefield’s fabled quinquereme – “Rowing home to haven from sunny Palestine.. with its cargo of ivory, apes, peacocks, Sandalwood, cedarwood and sweet white wine.” – it seems to hark back to this distant era. This poem was certainly sung in one church school in the 50’s in the local area.

Sadly, Nineveh’s importance as one of the world’s largest and greatest cities is lost in antiquity and it is now a ramshackle province in the midst of Mosul, its architecture and treasures further destroyed and desecrated by military action.

And this is what is said  “Every ancient writer mentions Babylon with a tone of awe and reverence”.

Come and help us celebrate the spirit of the season at our Annual Christmas Party in the Barn on Saturday December 9th.

Courtesy of Malene Thyson

What with quizzes, musical chairs and a perennial favourite “bowl the potato” where skilful participants carefully choose their potatoes from a collection of misshapen tubers, you will soon see how a competitive spirit emerges. There are no holds barred with some of the members – including the Chairman! Other party games follow and there will be a delicious buffet to be tackled.

The evening is concluded with hearty singing of traditional Christmas carols

Welcome one welcome all.

Booking essential with Pam at  pminkley@talktalk.net.

Tickets £15                                Prompt start at 7pm


Wednesday 20th September

Why not come along and join our gardening group as they make the best of the garden this month and start preparing it for the winter.  Only basic skills are necessary, guidance and support given.


At the same time you can keep up your fitness levels, improve your peace of mind and join in the camaradarie, treating yourself to a nice lunch in the cafe afterwards or bring your own sandwhiches.

The first dig of the year will commence on the 3rd of June and run throughout the following week.

It will be a closed dig which means you will need to be a member of the Friends (single £14, family £24) to participate or visit the site.

The site is near a notable early Post Medieval building and we hope to be pushing the sites history back even further.

If you wish to be involved please email us for further details – pendleheritage@gmail.com

Please note that even if the weather is misbehaving we will still be working at the dig site. Weatherproof facilities mean we can start cleaning the finds and assessing the site based on what we have found.

Alex Whitlock

Another chance to join our intrepid group as they explore the hidden secrets of the area. This one will be a very soft option. Meet in the cafe at the Heritage Centre at 10.15am and then onto Widdop. Usual thing about suitable feet (may be a bit boggy), hats, clothes, food, drink etc.
The area was the site of a small settlement & there are parallels to be drawn with our usual study area. And it has some sandy beaches (sometimes).
As stated above this is a very soft option – its all on the level & will not strain my newly damaged knee (providing I use a stick) so it could well suit those who find our usual walks a bit taxing.
The only note of caution is that some people find the road to Widdop a little intimidating, but driving with care & consideration makes it less so. Or you could leave your car en route & continue as a passenger.
And Widdop is a nice place for a picnic too!

This month we will be looking at the valley connecting Ogden & Barley to Roughlee & Thorney Holme.
Meet 10:15am in the Heritage Centre cafe, then onto Barley for the start of the walk.
Make sure you have the appropriate footwear, clothing, food, drink etc.

This illustrated talk from the ever popular Brian Jeffery will be full of talk of maps, diagrams and photographs tracing the history of corn-milling in the Whalley and Billington area from about AD1200 to the present day.

Although this subject would appear to be dry and dusty, as you would expect from milling, the story starts with Peter de Chester, Assistant to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and continues with the arrival of Whalley Abbey in AD1296, long court-cases of the 17th century with Assheton v Braddyll, the development of the turnpikes, a lost Whalley town-centre bridge, a mill-stone factory and the cause of the frequent present-day Whalley floods. From clues found in and around Whalley, this is a historical detective-story with profound relevance to today’.

The talk concludes by showing the 16th century Whalley Township corn mill that most people, who know Whalley well, will recognise immediately.

Tempting as it is to link the quality of his jokes to the subject, I’ll refrain, simply because it might encourage him to tell more on the night!

£4.00 (£2.50 members) including refreshments.  Pay on the Door.

Due to inclement weather this field walk has been postponed for one week so it’s now being held on Saturday 25th March. In the unlikely  event of bad weather yet again, (in Lancashire? Surely not!) Brian will be enlightening us on the history of the area in his own inimitable style in the comfort of the Green Room with a talk entitled ‘Roughlee Through the Ages’.  Questions will be welcomed and I’m sure that detailed, factual answers will be forthcoming due to his amazing and encyclopedic knowledge of the area.  What’s more, it’s FREE!!!!!!!!!!!

Meet at the cafe at Pendle Heritage Centre to discuss the plan.  We’ll then drive to and park near Thorneyholme at Roughlee.  The walk will be a short and relatively easy one (honest!) of about 2.5 miles (4kms) following minor roads but will mainly be on good paths with a few stiles.  If you’ve not been on one of these before , it’s a good one to start with.  Wrap up warm and dry as judging by previous walks it will take us about 3 to 3.5 hours and you’ll need a packed lunch!  Why a picture of a long horned cow…you’ll just have to join us to find out!

TF4a x 350W11a3 x 350

This talk by Alex, our archaeologist, will include updates on past activities and cover the new activities that have taken place on Pendle Hill and the ‘Hidden Valley’ project over the past twelve months.  It includes news about analysis of the charcoal and other objects found during our digs and will introduce some intriguing new questions raised by our investigations.  £2.50 members.  £4.00 non members including light refreshments.