Now you might have thought this talk was about the Industrialisation of Hapton but somehow gremlins interfered so Brian Jeffery will start this  talk on Altham by briefly outlining its history from the time of the Norman Conquest. At that time, life within the township revolved around the industry of  farming and the pastime of hunting. Industry, as we know it, started in the 18C.  Its subjects are the roles of water and coal in the industrialisation of Altham and the part played by Altham Corn Mill.

Altham Corn Mill. 18/11/19.
Attribution: B Jeffery

After the introduction, this illustrated talk of 97 maps, diagrams and photographs focuses on the 13C Altham Corn Mill and its later relationship with the famous Peel family. Both the mill and the Peels played an important part in Altham’s 18th – 20C industrial development.

The Walton Arms. Altham. Attribution: B Jeffery

It takes a step back to the 1760’s to introduce the arrival of steam power to Clayton-le-Moors and the intense commercial rivalry that developed in the 1780’s between the families of  Lomax of Clayton and Walton of Altham and Nelson. Despite losing the legal dispute in an out-of court settlement, the situation was saved by a very clever move by the Walton family. This involved the building in the 18th century of a wooden bridge over the River Calder and many miles of 2ft gauge horse-drawn tramway. It also involved the harnessing of Altham Corn Mill’s ancient leat, a tunnel under the 1755 Blackburn to Addingham Turnpike and many waterwheels.

Altham Old Corn Mill Cottages. Attribution: B Jeffery

It was all change in 1801 with the opening of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal from Burnley to Henfield, the digging of the Hargreaves’ Coal Company’s last deep mine in Altham, the huge discovery of clean water for Accrington and the rebuilding of the 1776 Altham Turnpike Bridge in 1927.

Banner Image: Altham Church. Attribution: Brian Jeffery

 

Can you believe its nearly a year since the last one? No, me neither.

We have managed to secure yet again the services of ever popular local quiz masters John and Anne Dodd.

Who will you be this year the Smarties? the bright and breezy, the know it alls?

That light bulb moment!

Brush up on your general knowledge and get ready for a Lancashire themed  Quiz. It’s Lancashire day on the Wednesday.  Now who was that famous cricketer from Nelson in the ’60’s?

Sharpen your pencils and it could be you walking away with first prize this year.

£8 with Potato Pie Supper included.   Teams of 4.

Don’t miss out, limited numbers, tickets available in the Shop, pre booking essential.

(Please pay cash in the shop as it helps with the admin. process. Thankyou)

Here’s your starter for ten…..

Who said:

“Behind every great man is a woman rolling her eyes”…..   Jim Carrey

“Do not take life too seriously. You will never get out of it alive” ….. Elbert Humphrey

“To succeed in life you need three things, a wishbone, a backbone and a funny bone”.

Reba McEntire

CAR PARKING: Please be aware that it is free for the first hour, thereafter 50p per hour, pay on exit.

Needle and thread has been used for millennia for practical daily use but also to record events and personal stories. We are pleased to welcome back Denise North when she returns to give us a talk on Stitches in Time, apparently a talk that men find very interesting too.

History and sewing crosses centuries and continents telling the stories of men and women, societies, battles and working lives. People use stitches to make their voices heard even in desperate circumstances such as the sewing of soldiers in WW 1.

One famous story that springs easily to mind is the Bayeux Tapestry, stitched by anonymous people, it is political in nature, history belonging to the victors. (See Banner Image: Fleeing. Public domain)

Bayeux Tapestry Scene 1. Edward the Confessor, Harold 11. Public Domain

From beautiful mediaeval tapestries to Mary Queen of Scots stitching which was said to be treasonous, up to the banners used in Marches of the Trade Unions in the 19th and 20th centuries, demonstrating a variety of occupations, to religious banners and the Anti nuclear banners of the Greenham Common women.   Through craft and artistry we learn of protest, memory and identity.

Sewing needles were used as long ago as seventeen thousand BC made of bone and used to sew skin and furs for clothing and daily utility items. By 1200 buttons and button holes were becoming popular in Europe due to contact with other cultures in the Crusades. This driving force enabled the clothing industry to flourish in Europe. By 1730 Aachen in Germany (the burial place of Charlemagne) was the site of an early needle factory.

Mothers Union Banner, Belaugh, Norfolk. Attribution: Tecoates

Come along to the first talk of 2020 and see how it all holds together.

Stitches in time. Credit: Denise North

CAR PARKING: Please be aware that this is free for the first hour, thereafter 50p per hour, pay on exit.

 

 

Due to unforseen circumstances sadly ‘Betsy’ is unable to be with us on Tuesday. Lucky for us Maureen Roberts is able to perform ‘The Cream Cracker under the Settee’ from one of Alan Bennet’s Talking Head monologues. A role made popular by Thora Hird.

We also have other christmas jingles for you to celebrate the coming season. So please come and join us…

There will be refreshments including sherry and mince pie and Christmas songs.

Cost: Members £5.00    Non members £6.50

Parking in the Colne Rd. Car park. Please be aware this is only free for the first hour, thereafter it is 50p per hour, pay on exit.

Unfortunately this trip has had to be cancelled due to lack of numbers. We may run it at a later date. Keep your eye on the website next Spring.

Well, our Spring trip was a success so come and enjoy another  trip with the Friends, just over the border, to Halifax, home of Shibden Hall (as featured recently on television), a beautiful half timbered hall dating back to 1420.

Shibden Hall, Halfax. Attribution: Alexander P. Kapp

We will then go into Halifax in time for lunch and a visit to the recently restored Piece Hall, once  the centre of the Halifax cloth trade and the adjacent Calderdale Industrial Museum.

The Piece Hall, Halifax. Attribution: Ian Rutson

There will be plenty of time to explore the town and maybe visit the 12th century Minster (who would have thought that Halifax had a Minster!) before returning home in time for tea, or maybe tea and cream scones in Halifax!

Halifax Minster. Attribution: Michael Beckwith

The cost for the trip is £19.00 which includes the coach travel and entrance fees.  Please contact Georgina Bentley either by phone (01282 436369) or email(georgina.bentley@hotmail.co.uk) before 19th September 2019 to book your place. This should make for a really interesting day.

TIME… Approximately 9 30am – 4pm.  To be confirmed later.

Pick up point: To be confirmed later.

Banner Image: A merry bunch of day trippers last year in Hull. As you can see David is auditioning for the Pirates of Penzance. Attribution: Roger Grimshaw.

 

This will be the last gardening session of 2019, tidying up and bedding down the garden for winter.

The cafe will have some hearty warming soup or something more substantial.

Alireza Shakemia – Autumn is here

Wrap up warmly and come and join the gang.

Remember Abraham Lincoln?  well he had something to say about gardens “We can complain because rose bushes have thorns, or rejoice because thorn bushes have roses”.  A thorny issue then…

 

Banner Image: Park Hill, Pendle Heritage Centre

Its the season of mists and mellow fruitfulness, so the gardening gang will no doubt be tidying up and making the most of the plants that are still flowering.  There may be fruit to pick so come along and hopefully enjoy a good autumn day in the walled garden.

Autumn Flowers. Attribution: Sander van der Wel.

You might need to wrap up warm and you may want to bring your own packed lunch to eat in the garden or enjoy a hearty warm lunch in the cafe.

A weed is a plant that has mastered every survival skill except for learning how to grow in rows. – Doug Larson  

Banner Image: Brilliant orange Autumn colours contrasting with dull evergreens of the Eucalyptus. Accreditation: “Fir0002/Flagstaffotos”

Are you interested in:

Working outdoors in the fresh air?

Being amongst like minded people?

Working with your hands to nurture and improve the Heritage Centre garden?

Feeringbury Manor. Michaelmas Daisy. Attribution: Acabashi

Then come along 10 – 12 and meet the gang.   All equipment provided,  just bring your willingness and enthusiasm. Dress for the weather.

You might want to bring a packed lunch to eat in the garden or take advantage of some delicious food in the cafe.

 

Did you  know that “there are no gardening mistakes, only experiments”. – Janet Kilburn Phillips.

 The Friends of Pendle Heritage and Pendle Archaeology Group

Maps of prehistoric sites in the NW appear to show a void. Slowly the land is giving up its secrets and the work and findings of the speakers in this programme will challenge the accepted views of prehistory in the NW.   We have interesting sites and knowledgeable presenters on this our first Prehistory Study Day.

10.00am.  Rick Peterson: Introduction: Recent research on the Bronze Age in the North West

Abstract:  Our excavations at Fairy Holes Cave showed that the collared urn recovered by Musson in 1946 was part of an Early Bronze Age burial. At the Whitewell Enclosure radiocarbon evidence showed that the ditches and pits were in use at least from the Early Bronze Age and were still visible in the Later Bronze Age. The New Laund Enclosure, in contrast, has been shown to be Middle Iron Age. Both the enclosure ditch and the roundhouse in the centre of the enclosure have radiocarbon dates between 395 and 210 BC.

Rick Peterson

Profile: Rick is a Senior Lecturer in Archaeology at the University of Central Lancashire in Preston.

10.45   Kevin Grice: Warton Crag: Re-appraising an Iron Age Hill Fort

Abstract: Kevin will discuss recent research conducted with Morecambe Bay Partnership on the Iron Age hill fort on Warton Crag. By discussing both the antiquarian and twentieth-century documentary sources and evaluating the results of recent LiDAR imaging and contrasting the different views on the possible date and function of the monument including modern re-interpretations. Kevin will conclude that its dating may be more complex than previously thought and he will set out an alternative hypothesis and suggest further investigations.

Warton Crag IA Hillfort.
Attribution: Kevin Grice

Profile: Kevin is a Morecambe Bay Community Archaeology Volunteer, a member of the Lake District National Park Archaeology Network, Secretary of Kendal Historical & Archaeological Society and a member of the Council of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. He has researched and excavated prehistoric, Roman, medieval and more modern industrial sites in Cumbria and Lancashire and has a particular interest in the prehistory of Cumbria and North Lancashire.

Also: Lidar video and display of Warton Hill in the foyer by Louise Martin,  H2H Cultural Heritage Officer, Morecambe Bay Partnership.

11.45     Debbie Hallam: Searching for Neolithic settlement in the Yorkshire Dales

Abstract: The Neolithic archaeology of the Yorkshire Dales is often difficult to unpick from the palimpsest of later habitation and land use and the identification of settlement of this period (4000-2500 cal. BC) is notoriously ephemeral. That it exists however is without question as evidenced by the abundant frequency of discrete surface finds of pottery and multi-period lithic artefacts collected over the years resulting in an assemblage comprising over 65000 pieces. Using the patterns of distribution of material culture as primary evidence for settlement, it is possible to see the Upper Wharfe Valley as a focal area for small Neolithic groups following a pastoral lifestyle supplemented by hunting and gathering.Recent excavation of an Early Neolithic house near Grassington indicates a more settled existence in Wharfedale as early as 3650 cal. BC and the discovery of two Late Neolithic-Bronze Age Henges in the Wharfe Valley add support for an expanding community adhering to monumental building styles seen beyond the area.

Macehead from Langcliffe, near Kettlewell. Attribution: D. Hallam

Using Upper Wharfedale as a focal point for the discussion of evidence for Neolithic presence, comparisons will be made with areas of archaeological interest at the periphery of the Dales such as Nidderdale, Wensleydale and the Inglebrough massif.

DH @ Scargill, near Conistone. Attribution: D. Hallam

Profile: Debbie is a mature student and has gained a BA (Hons) and MPhil from the University of Bradford where she has specialised in the research of prehistoric pottery. Her MPhil comprised a study of over 250 Early Bronze Age Funerary Cups from northern Britain and her interest in the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods and a love of the Yorkshire Dales landscape has resulted in her current PhD project at Bradford University.

 

13.30   Dr. Kevin Cootes: Illuminating Lowland Iron Age Border Settlement in North-West England: The Poulton Research Project

Abstract: Lowland North-West England is not traditionally a region which occupies the minds of researchers investigating the British Iron Age. A review of the national literature suggests few identified sites, low population density and little social stratification. In spite of the presence of multiple hillforts and local specialist research this view prevails, but is it accurate? Archaeological investigations at Poulton in Cheshire have revealed a settlement which challenges such models, comprising roundhouse gullies spanning eight centuries of habitation. The accompanying material assemblage is characteristic of status, with burial, industrial activity and ritual practices all represented. The site was ideal due to its position adjacent to the River Dee, overlooking a defensible floodplain which enabled a mixed farming regime. Additionally, water-courses often served as boundaries between tribal entities. The overall results have the potential to serve as a type site, revealing similar settlements and illuminating the Iron Age in North-West England.

Profile:  Kevin is a Consultant Archaeologist for the Poulton Research Project and Senior Researcher at Liverpool John Moores University.

14.15  Dr Sam Walsh:  Bronze Age burials in and around Lancashire

Ear Plug from Whitelow. Attribution: Sam Walsh

Abstract:   Our understanding of prehistoric burial practices in the UK is predisposed/biased towards areas where there have been a high frequency of modern excavations and research activities. This has led to gaps in archaeological data which have been interpreted as lack of activity in some areas, or this lack is acknowledged but not addressed. In comparison to adjacent regions such as Cumbria and Yorkshire, little is known of Bronze Age and other prehistoric burials in Lancashire and the wider North West due to a lack of modern excavations and high levels of past industrialisation in this area. I will talk about the results of my research on the Bronze Age burials of Lancashire and around.

This will include discussion of burial practices, grave goods, demography, health and disease from sites including Whitelow, Astley Hall, and Pendleton.

Profile:  Sam is from Preston and completed her PhD at the University of Central Lancashire. This was a study of human remains from Bronze Age burial sites in northern England. Since then she has continued work on Bronze Age remains in Lancashire through excavation of a site near Morecambe and also through recent analysis of human remains held at Lancashire Museum stores and Astley Hall. Sam has worked in UK field archaeology and is currently working on Neolithic human remains from Iraqi Kurdistan as part of a project with the University of Reading.

Burial Urn. Whitelow. Attribution: Sam Walsh

 

15.30  Mike Woods:  Water Meetings Iron Age Hill Fort and Landscape Surveys around Pendle

Abstract: Mike carried out a number of surveys across Pendle and the surrounding landscape between 2015 and 2019, the results of which discovered that the site of Watermeetings is a large Iron Age hillfort. Mike will present this discovery alongside the results of landscape survey across Pendle, which shows evidence for how the ancestors lived and used the landscape towards the end of the prehistoric period.

Profile: Mike Woods is a Landscape Archaeologist,Geophysicist and Prehistorian based in Lancashire. His research has focused on prehistoric sites across the North of England and Wales, including the henge landscape of Northumberland, Neolithic passage tombs and stone circles on Anglesey and Bronze Age burial monuments, Iron Age hillforts and a 17th century witches house at Pendle near Lancashire.

Catherine Rousseau Jones: Excavation on Calf Hill above Sabden on the flanks of Pendle Hill

Abstract:Following initial surveys in 2018,  Pendle Archaeology Group’s current excavations on Calf Hill above Sabden are revealing some interesting discoveries. Although initial studies suggested medieval origins for the site, further investigations have revealed much older occupation.

 

Profile: Catherine  completed a degree in Archaeology at the University of York and is a voluntary archaeologist and Chair of Pendle Archaeology Group.

Close at 16.10

Banner Image this page: Lancashire, Early BA flat axes. Attribution: Portable Antiquities Scheme. Ian Richardson.

Banner Image Page 3: Mid bronze-age cremation urn, found in Roxton Bedfordshire. In the stores of Bedford Museum. Courtesy of Simon Speed. In the public domain.

Image this page; Digging on Calf Hill 2019. Attribution: Roger Grimshaw

Layout: Apologies, Gremlins at work!

 

 

Where:   The Barn, Pendle Heritage Centre, 2 Colne Rd. Barrowford BB9 6JQ

Fee:          £18 with lunch     £12 Study Day   Students £10 with lunch (in full time education)

                   Includes Tea/coffee and biscuits on arrival

Programme

9.30 – 9.55                Coffee and registration

9.55 – 10.00             Welcome

10.00 – 10.45           Recent research on the Bronze Age in the North west.    Rick Peterson

10.45 – 11.30            Warton Crag Iron Age hill fort.     Kevin Grice

11.30 – 11.45             Short break

11.45 – 12.30            Searching for Neolithic settlement in the Yorkshire Dales.   Debbie Hallam

12.30 – 13.30            Lunch

13.30 – 14.15             Iron Age settlement at Poulton Cheshire.    Dr. Kevin Cootes

14.15 – 15.00             Bronze Age Burials in and around Lancashire.    Dr. Sam Walsh

15.00 – 15.15             Short break

15.15 – 16.10              Iron Age settlement at Water Meetings and Landscape Survey of the Pendle

                                     Landscape.    Mike Woods.

                                     Excavation of Calf Hill, Sabden.   Catherine Rousseau Jones

16.10                          Close of event

PARKING                 Free for first hour, then 50p per hour, pay on exit.  

There will be some roadside parking. The car park is immediately left next to the bridge as you approach the Heritage Centre from Barrowford.   Please contact us re disabled parking spaces.   As lunch will be served upstairs, contact us if you need any assistance.

Banner Image: Axe head. Attribution: Debbie Hallam

Layout: Apologies, Gremlins at work!

 

 

 

 

 

The Friends of Pendle Heritage and Pendle Archaeology Group

Booking and Payment       Download Form

Where: The Barn, Pendle Heritage Centre, 2 Colne Rd. Barrowford BB9 6JQ

Fee: £18 with lunch £12 Study Day Students £10 with lunch (in full time education)

Includes Tea/Coffee biscuits on arrival

Programme

9.30 – 9.55 Coffee and registration

9.55 – 10.00 Welcome

10.00 – 10.45 Recent Research on the Bronze Age in the North West. Rick Peterson

10.45 – 11.30 Warton Crag Iron Age Hill Fort. Kevin Grice

11. 30 – 11. 45 Short break

Please reserve …… place/s with lunch (£18)

Meat and potato – indicate number ………………

Cheese and onion – indicate number………………

Please reserve ……. place/s without lunch (£12)

Please reserve ……. student place/s (£10) with lunch (must be in full time education, state school or college)

Meat and potato – indicate number ………………  Cheese and onion – indicate number………………

TOTAL COST……………….

Via BACS       Sort Code:   01-05-93 Account No:   02224526

Re the reference please put SDay and your first initial and as much of your last name as will fit in the reference box as possible. Then please e mail info@foph.co.uk  to let us know you have paid and include a contact tel. no. and also indicate number of lunches. Thankyou.

OR

 To pay by Cheque

Please make payable to:     Friends of Pendle Heritage

 Name/s…………………………………………………………………………………………

Contact address………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………Postcode………………

Contact telephone number/s…………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………..

(May be used to contact you if there are any changes in venue etc)

E mail address……………………………………………………………………….

Download Form here also…

https://www.foph.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Booking-and-Payment-version-4docxnew-1-e1565806920820.jpg

Please return this form to:   The Treasurer, FoPH, Pendle Heritage Centre, Park Hill, 2 Colne Rd. Barrowford. BB9 6JQ and put Study Day on the envelope. Thankyou.

 

PARKING                  Free for first hour, then 50p per hour, pay on exit.   There will be some

                                     roadside parking. The car park is immediately left after  the bridge as  you  approach the Heritage Centre       from Barrowford – opposite the centre.

 

                                     Please contact us re disabled parking spaces. As lunch will be served

                                     upstairs, contact us if you need any assistance.

                                     Any enquiries contact info@foph.co.uk

Layout:     Apologies – Gremlins at work!

 

 

Meeting at Manchester Road, on the towpath, and walking to Colne Road Bridge.  We will cross the embankment or ‘straight mile’, pass the recently-restored dry dock, then the old Bank Hall Colliery site and end at Colne Road, at what was the terminus of the canal from 1796 to 1801. The distance, one way, is just under two miles.   Probably returning along the main road via St Peter’s Church to have a look at the memorial to the wife of one of the canal’s engineers and also view the lime kilns alongside the aqueduct.

Burnley ‘Straight Mile’ embankment. 1984

We are in for a treat and  could not have a better leader on this walk, Mike Clark is a man who has been in love with canals for over forty years and is known as Mr ‘Leeds and Liverpool’ and is thought of so highly by the Canal and River Trust for his work that they named a lock after him at Bank Newton – but it’s in Yorkshire… we won’t hold that against him though!

Built during the golden age of canal construction, the Leeds & Liverpool Canal was to be the longest in Britain. As it weaved its way north it diverted towards Burnley to connect with the expanding coal mines in the town and influenced an industrial boom.The history of the canal in Burnley is fascinating. The ‘straight mile’, well it isn’t  quite a mile, was a seventh wonder of waterway engineering and at one time you would have been able to view well over a score of factory chimneys from there.

Pit Poetry – Bank Hall Pit Top – Burnley by Jan Ferrierr

To Bank Hall Pit Top, above the River Brun,
To the aqueduct, where the narrow boats run,
Bound for a gleaming new Jerusalern..

The poignancy here of course is that these industries have moved on and the town has never really recovered from the loss of jobs and trade.

Terrain: Well its a canal towpath! but its likely to be muddy with puddles following rain. Around two hours in total so no need for  a packed lunch, but if you’re keen to do this you could eat your lunch in Thompson’s Park.

Re Parking: Finsley Gate is the nearest pay and display for the Manchester Rd. bridge. (see https://www.burnley.gov.uk/sites/default/files/Burnley%20Car%20Parks.pdf)  There’s not much free on street parking available.

For lots more informations see https://canalrivertrust.org.uk/enjoy-the-waterways/walking/canal-trails/burnley-trail/burnley-embankment

Banner Image: The Canal from Colne Rd. Bridge in Burnley, looking towards Daneshouse. Attribution: Mike Clark

Come and join us on a walk around the gorgeous scenery of Rimington.  We will be visiting a scheduled monument area which includes earthworks and buried remains of the northern part of Rimington lead and silver mines at Skeleron, together with part of a medieval open field system and three limestone clamp kilns.

Morrocan Galena. Attribution: Rob Lavinsky

The monument consists of  remains of shafts, spoil heaps, an ore-processing area, a possible buddle where ore was separated, and a rake or prospecting trench. The mine workings are of two periods with later better-preserved features overlying some earlier, more subtle mining features. The mine workings also overlay part of a medieval open field system comprising ridge and furrow cultivation. The clamp kilns lie in a small limestone quarry in the monument’s south west corner.

The earliest date when mining began at Rimington is unknown. Other minerals including galena can be found there. Documentary sources first mention mining here in the later 16th century when William Pudsey is reputed to have obtained and perhaps coined silver from the mine.  Legen has it that William is famous for illegally minting his own coins but was pardoned by his godmother Queen Elizabeth I and in Bowland there is Rainsber Scar which is also known as Pudsey’s leap after William was chased by soldiers for his crime. In 1656 the ore was tested by an assayer and it was reported that there were 26 pounds of silver to the ton.

Now don’t get too excited at this image, its made from calcite which is mined or found in this area, however this was an extremely large piece and after being crafted, more to be found somewhere exotic as in a Pharoah’s tomb rather than underground in NE Lancashire.

Calcite ointment vase with papyrus and lotus flower. Attribution: thesupermat.

Meet at the Cafe Pendle Heritage Centre, 10 15am. Please inform us at info@foph.co.uk.if you intend to come as we may need to car share.

Packed lunch, stout footwear, dress for the weather.

Terrain: Some ascent and descent but not too arduous.  Reasonable underfoot.

Walk Leaders: Brian Jeffery and Peter del Strother

Banner Image:  The remains of the Rimington lead and barytes mine which operated intermittently over several centuries with the last workings being in the 1950s.  Attribution: David Kitching

Meet 10 30am at the National Park Centre Malham BD23 4DA. We aim to car share from there.

The walk is about 3 miles, there may be steep up and down slopes and it will be rocky in places and slippy if wet.  Stout boots are the best option. There will be some ascent and descent but not too strenuous and some stiles.  Dress for whatever the weather throws at us.  It can be very cold even in summer or the opposite of course – its Yorkshire! Bring a packed lunch and drinks.

See remains of double edged stone circle in foreground at Malham and Pendle in the distance

Finishes about 3pm.

It is essential to book, contact info@foph.co.uk

If you require a lift we will meet you at the Barn at the Heritage Centre at 9 15am.

Stridebutt Edge is a high limestone terrace with a most interesting complete IA settlement, complete with enclosures and hutments. See if you can spot the 60ft diameter double circle and a stone passageway. The birds eye view enables us to see a famed distant hill, its local to us however, as well as the nearby lynchetts, mediaeval field patterns and scattered field barns.

Hutment at Stridebutt Edge, Malham

The landscape of the Yorkshire Dales is dominated by limestone and it always seems a shock when it is remembered that is was laid down during the Carboniferous Period some 340 million years ago, whilst the area was drifting somewhere near the equator. Compressed sea creatures and corals built up into the grey/white rock and distinctive formations we are so familiar with today.   However, humans have also left a particularly rich historic environment. Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Age, Mediaeval and more recent people have all left their mark in one way or another whether this is via prehistoric settlements, Iron Age and mediaeval field patterns or lynchets or an abundance of artefacts and thousands of kilometres of stone wall. They are all traces of what was commonly thought to be, by some, an area devoid of historical remains. Man has excavated the rich mineral resources of lead, coal and limestone through the ages.

 

We will explore the hillsides and valley of Weir, our main objective being the mysterious Broadclough Dykes. Sites in the area date from prehistory to the industrial revolution and beyond.

Weir. Lancashire from Bacup Old Road. Attribution:Markblease

Distance up to 5 miles on mainly flat terrain, but there will be ascents and descents to negotiate as we cross the valley.

Meet from 10am for coffee at Anna’s CafeBar,     165 Burnley Road, Weir OL13 8QE

with appropriate clothing/footwear for the weather conditions and a packed lunch. Walk departs at 10.30am.

 Walk leader C. Rousseau-Jones

New members welcome.

Banner Image: Weir on the River Irwell, Bacup. Attribution: Tim Green from Bradford.

Irwell House at Weir. Irwell Spring the source of the River Irwell, lies 80yds. behind this house. Attribution:Dr Neil Griffith

Are you interested in Bee Keeping? Then come along and hear Harry Johnsons anecdotes and  advice from his bee keeping experiences. There may be honey for sale… which you can have for tea.. even though its not the Old Vicarage at Grantchester ..(Rupert Brooke .. “and is there honey still for tea?”).  If you are interested in self healing through medical herbs then Barbara Wilkinson  from Preston is your woman.

Attribution: Cannedcat

We will be serenaded by Colne Orpheus Choir and Adrien Hartley joins us again, a modern folk singer with a difference.  In addition there will be Michael Neary a very entertaining pop up poet.

There will be a stalls aplenty, a plant stall, raffle, book stall, tombola, the Ribble Rivers Trust will be joining us along with Green Thumb, Colne Horticultural Society and Barrowford in Bloom and if you want to know anything about Trawden Show there will be people to answer your queries. You will also be able to view what the Archaeology Group have been up to lately along with the latest information from the RSPB.

So if you have any plant or garden queries then there should be plenty of advice on hand to help you out.

Rosa Petit Trianon Attribution: Kor!An

Why not join in the fun and the tea and cakes too!

FREE ADMISSION: Donations welcome.

This is what Gertrude Jekyll had to say about gardening “The lesson I have thoroughly learnt, and wish to pass on to others, is to know the enduring happiness that the love of a garden gives.”

Join like minded people and learn more about the textile heritage in Nelson, how it developed, the mills and housing and the relationship to the canal.

Grand Union Canal near Welsh Rd. lock. Attribution: Andy F.

Meet Victoria Park car park at 10 30am.

Easy 3-4 miles. Wear comfortable shoes.

Cost £2.

Leader: Andrea Smith

Banner Image: Smith and Nephew’s Mill, Briefield. Attribution: Alexander P. Kapp

If you are interested in the local canal and towpath then why not join us on an easy 3-4 mile walk and learn more about the local history. Learn how important Pendle Water was in regard to the canal and mills.

Meet 10 30 am outside Pendle Heritage Centre.

Distance: 3 miles. Some stiles.Wear stout shoes.

Leader: Andrea Smith.

 

 

Banner Image: Grand Union Canal near Welsh Road lock. Attribution: Andy F.

Canal and towpath looking towards Newtown. Attribution: Twinney 12

Come and join us as we learn to use the levelling equipment (dependent on the weather) and other survey techniques as we continue our investigations and survey of Calf Hill.

Meet 10 30am at the Cattle Grid on Clitheroe Road above Sabden. Bring appropriate clothing and footwear for the weather conditions and a packed lunch.

Distance: 4 miles – undulating surface.

Leader: Catherine Rousseau-Jones.

Curlew, Attribution: Rainbirder

New Members welcome.

The garden should be buzzing with bees and in full bloom still and hopefully attracting lots of butterflies.

Come and help to make a difference to your local heritage by giving a few hours of your time once a month.  Meet Andrea and the gang 10am for a couple of hours.

Summer bees

Tools provided, bring a kneeling mat.   Enjoy lunch in the cafe afterwards or bring your own sandwhiches.

This is what Alice Sebold has to say about gardening…”I like gardening. It’s a place where I find myself when I need to lose myself”.

Digitalis Purpurea and a drystone wall, N. Yorkshire
Attribution: Alistair Rae

 

 

Banner Image: Buddleia and Butterflies Courtesy of Jim Bleak

Meet Andrea and the gang outside the Barn at 10am.  Tools provided, bring a kneeling mat, just in case.

The garden should be in full luxurious bloom now and you can give a hand to get it ready the the Friends big summer event – Summer, Flowers and Voices where the garden can be shown in all its summer finery.

 

Some complimentary wise words..

A garden is always a series of losses set against a few triumphs, like life itself. – May Sarton

The lesson I have thoroughly learnt, and wish to pass on to others, is to know the enduring happiness that the love of a garden gives. – Gertrude Jekyll

Banner Image: Attribution: Joe Midgeley

It’s only two hours and your input could make a lot of difference to the surroundings of Pendle Heritage Centre.

It is said that “Gardening adds years to your life and life to your years”. (Unkown) In addition to  extending your lifespan your help will be greatly appreciated by visitors, members of Foph and the gardening group and also  the local population who pass through the area.

Tools provided, bring a kneeling mat and you might want to bring some lunch or you might fancy a nice salad in the cafe afterwards.

Did you know that Monet once said ….. “I perhaps owe having become a painter to flowers”.

Giverny, Claude Monet’s home and garden. Attribution: La salonierre

Banner Image: Attribution: Audrey, Pennsylvania

Do you know what was happening on Calf Hill above Sabden 4,000 years ag0 or even 500 or 100 years ago?

No? Neither do we but we are aiming to find out!

Why not join us as we start to uncover its secrets?

Calf Hill dig Day 2, diggers at work

We’re keen to recruit like minded individuals who are interested in our heritage/history/archaeology.

  •     No knowledge or experience required
  •     It’s not just about digging. There’s photography, drawing, cleaning and labelling finds etc
  •     Join us for an hour or day, its your choice.

    Calf Hill dig, Day 2. 2018. More chert

Contact info@foph.co.uk for more details

Visitors to site welcome. Come and tell us your family stories about the Craggs or Calf Hill

Membership: £18 for individuals, £24 for a family

Due to unforseen circumstances this talk has had to be cancelled and we  apologise for any inconvenience.

Oliver Cromwell. Lord Protector of the Commonwealth. Attribution: Public Domain. Gaspar de Crayer – http://www.lastoria.org/immagini/cromwell.jpg

From Wharfedale’s Moorland Ridges near Knaresborough and down to the Ribble Valley Plain and the Battle of Preston, Nick Burton will take us on a walk through Yorkshire and Lancashire, retracing the route followed by Oliver Cromwell’s New Model Army in four days as his Parliamentary forces marched to engage with the Royalist forces marching south from Scotland into North-West England.

The Chevin. Otley. Attribution: Nick Burton

The opposing forces met on the bridge over the River Ribble and the Battle of Preston, 1648, was a decisive battle that heralded the end of the English Civil Wars.

Pendle Hill from the Ribble Valley. Attribution: NIck Burton

The walk follows closely the route recorded in Cromwell’s own dispatches to Parliament, a route that takes in Otley, Ilkley, Skipton, Gisburn, Clitheroe, Stonyhurst, Longridge and Preston.

Along the way we follow majestic stretches of the Rivers Wharfe, Aire, Hodder and Ribble and encounter a rural landscape of forests and parkland, medieval castles and churches, hill forts and ruined abbeys. Nick will uncover a landscape that, in places, has barely changed since the 17th century.

Nick is a well known and received public speaker and has a company that provides a variety of walking holidays.

The Chevin. Otley. Attribution: Nick Burton

Banner Image: Otley Bridge. Attribution: Nick Burton

Alan Young has been studying and photographing railway stations in Britain and Ireland since the early 1960s and he will give us a photographic guided tour of stations which have closed in Pendle and the neighbouring area: whilst there will be an emphasis on Pendle, the survey will stretch as far as the northern edge of Manchester, the Fylde, Ilkley and Halifax.

Withnell 17th April. 1977. Attribution: Alan Young

The passenger railway system in Britain spread rapidly but in a somewhat haphazard manner from the 1820s until World War I. Although there were a few closures even before 1860, the shrinkage of the network and closure of stations began to be significant around 1930. After a period of stability closures resumed after World War II, gathering pace in the 1950s, then the much maligned ‘Beeching Plan’ of 1963 unleashed a frenzy of closures. In the early 1970s the closure of lines and stations almost ceased, and since that time the trend has reversed, with several hundred stations opening or reopening and some substantial lengths of railway reinstated (including Rose Grove to Hebden Bridge in 1984). Competition from road transport – electric trams, then motor buses and private cars – and major improvements to the road network during the twentieth century provide the most obvious, but not the only, reason for the loss of so many of our railway lines and stations.

Earby Station in 1976
Attribution:Alan Young

Dr Richard (later Lord) Beeching is often wrongly blamed for all railway closures, and within twenty miles of Pendle Heritage Centre the bulk of passenger railway and station closures took place before his intervention. Before World War II Longridge lost its trains; Rochdale to Bacup lasted only until 1947 one of its stations (Britannia) having closed as early as 1917. Bott Lane, the nearest station, as the crow flies, to Pendle Heritage Centre closed in 1956 followed by the Padiham Loop in 1957, Blackburn to Chorley and Wigan in 1960 and Blackburn to Clitheroe and Hellifield in 1962. The Barnoldswick branch and the lines from Bury to Bacup and Accrington survived long enough for Dr Beeching to propose their closure, which soon took place. Curiously Beeching did not recommend withdrawal of Colne to Earby and Skipton services (only Thornton-in-Craven station would close) but the service was nevertheless extinguished in 1970. The proposed reopening of this line is a lively local issue in 2019.

What remains of the local closed stations? Sadly, very little. Even some of the operational stations, such as Colne, have been simplified beyond recognition. Most of the closed local stations were of limited architectural merit and few of their buildings were considered worthy of conversion to residential or commercial uses. The three Padiham Loop stations and the four between Colne and Skipton have been razed (though the building from Foulridge has been lovingly reconstructed on the preserved Worth Valley Railway near Keighley). In contrast, in rural Northumberland eleven stations, most of them closed for almost ninety years, but all of them elegantly designed, survive between Alnwick and Coldstream.

Alan has written several books on railways in northern England, most recently Lost stations of Yorkshire, in two volumes, one of which has a chapter devoted to Earby. He is also a member of the team that compiles the Disused Stations website having himself produced the local features on Colne to Skipton, Rose Grove to Hebden Bridge, Bacup to Rochdale and Bury and the Micklehurst Loop (Diggle to Stalybridge) as well as on Bott Lane and a history of Catlow Quarries near Nelson. Which means we will be listening to an expert and benefitting from his experience and past work.

Banner Image: Great Harwood [2] 1952 (John Mann collection)

Cost: Members £3.00 Non-members  £4.50     Refreshments provided

 

Meet at 1pm Martholme Manor House, Martholme Lane, Great Harwood, Blackburn BB6 7UJ  for a guided tour of the house and garden with refreshments. Cost: £8.   Please e mail info@foph.co.uk if you wish to attend. Limited places.

Nobody can fail to be impressed by this charming Grade 1 listed medieval manor house that lies in a hidden corner of north east Lancashire next to the River Calder.

Martholme Manor. By kind permission of the Trappes-Lomax family.

The de Fitton family owned the house in the 13th Century until it passed by marriage into the Hesketh family and it was Thomas Hesketh who had the house rebuilt in 1577 adding on an east wing and a gatehouse. Parts of the house still date back to medieval times. Constructed of sandstone rubble now rendered and with a slate roof,  Martholme was originally surrounded by a moat of which there are still traces.

Martholme Manor. Attribution: Ian Fairclough, GHHS

Hesketh’s son, Robert added another arched gateway and after his death and after the marriage of his second wife Jane to one of the de Hoghton family, the house went into his ownership. It appears that the house was never lived in by the Heskeths and was leased out to tenant farmers.

After the Civil War the Heskeths were very heavily fined because of their Catholic faith and Martholme grew into a state of disrepair. Although parts of the house have been demolished the part that is left has been lovingly restored by the present owners and it is now a private residence.

Martholme Manor date stone. Attribution Ian Fairclough. GHSS

After our tour  there is an option to climb the 72 steps up to the railway  viaduct and walk along it. There is a board at the top explaining the history of the area. Unfortunately there  is no other way of getting up to the viaduct from Martholme Lane.

Directions : From the A680 Whalley to Accrington Road turn at Checco’s (Italian restaurant) onto Martholme Lane. Take care as the road is narrow and the surface is poor. Drive to the bottom of the lane, under the viaduct and into Martholme Manor, slight left (signposted). Do not drive into Martholme Farm (right fork.)

Banner Image of Martholme Manor. Attribution: Ian Fairclough of Great Harwood Historical Society (GHHS).

Pendle Hill Song Fellowship – A pop up talk and song swap

Come along and find out more about another project from the Pendle Hill Partnership – this one is all about celebrating through song, some of the many visionary thinkers associated with Pendle Hill.

Ethel Carnie Holdsworth.
Permission given by family.

You will certainly have heard of George Fox, the founder of the Quakers, who had his inspirational vision on the top of Pendle Hill and Selina Cooper, mill worker from the age of 12 but who, as the first woman representative of the Independent Labour Party, fought for better services for women. But there are many other social reformers, free thinkers and mavericks associated with the area around Pendle Hill, and in this project, there is a desire to celebrate and remember some of them in song. The project will be focusing specifically on Ethel Carnie Holdsworth (poet, novelist and social reformer) and Rev Thomas Arthur Leonard (founder of the Holiday Fellowship) – both of whom, in the early 1900s, fought for the rights for workers to have more time to get out into the great outdoors of Pendle Hill in order to recharge their batteries. During the course of this informative talk, you may want to tell us about others that we should be singing about!

A cohort of local Suffragists and supporters. Selina Cooper is probably far right, front. Possibly at Clitheroe Station. Courtesy of Lancashire Archives

You may just want to come and find out a little more about the project and the characters mentioned above. Alternatively you may want to get involved a little more, and join other singers as part of the Pendle Hill Song Fellowship on Saturday mornings as follows:
27 July (in Barley Village Hall) and on 10 and 17 August (in Downham Village Hall 10-12 30pm, except on the last day). Either way, this pop up session is just a taster session to let give you the information you need and maybe get you singing (even if you think you can’t sing!)

Janet Swan is a member of the Natural Voice Network – a national organisation that believes everyone can sing. She runs a range of singing groups locally – especially for those with a range of health problems. She will be talking more generally about Lancashire songs from the Mike Harding Song book such as “Old Pendle” and about how this project came about. Do join us – singing not obligatory! (NB if you are unable to come on this date but would like to find out more about the Pendle Hill Song Fellowship, please contact Janet on 01282 414287 / 07777 686648).

Janet Swan and Singing for the Soul, a group of local singers.

Cost £1.50 to include refreshments.

 

 

 

We will visit the excavations of the Roman fort Derventio Brigantium. The auxiliary fort was established under the governor Agricola (40-93) around the same time as Eboracum.

MEET AT MALTON, TIME TO BE ARRANGED. As we intend to car share please let c.rousseaujones@gmail.com know if you need a lift or for any further information.

Roman Legionaries during an enactment. Attribution: Agaath van der Oord.

This is a great (once in a lifetime!) opportunity to have a guided tour of an excavation in progress by Steve Roskams, site director and Senior Lecturer in Archaeology at the University of York who are undertaking the excavations.  Steve has directed sites in London, Tunisia and Algeria, and more recently studied Iron Age and Roman landscapes and settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds and in York’s immediate hinterland.

St Michael, Market Place, Malton. Attribution:Tim Green

Malton also has some interesting mediaeval history.  Old and New Malton were established in the 12th century and the Gilbertine monastery/priory was built between 1147 and 1154.   A document in 1283 referenced a market in New Malton and indicated that various craftsmen and others were selling their wares.    The Norman built stone castle received visits from Richard the Lionheart, Edward the second and Robert Bruce. However, the castle fell into ruins.

Did you know?

That the town’s Assembly Rooms were opened in 1814, a place in which ‘polite society’ could mingle?  Does that mean that the folks from over t’ill in Rossendale are banned?

That Charles Dickens visited the town and some of the buildings in Malton could have influenced some of his writings in Christmas Carol?

Romanesque arch. St Michael’s Malton. Attribution:Poliphilo

 

Other attractions in Malton include a museum,  market place and some houses which at one time were known as the Shambles.

Banner Image: Derventio. Attribution: Stuart and Fiona Jackson

Image of Roman Legionaries:Twee Romeinse legionairs en een soldaat hulptroepen Romeinse leger. Project Black Box en de Limes, Leiderdorp 2009  

WorsthorneMoor Rd. through Shedden. Attribution: Kevin Rushton

Meet at the car park on Long Causeway opposite the windfarm 10.30am.

We will walk down the packhorse track to view the remains of the limestone industry which began in the 16th century. On the walk we will see the evidence of this industry – the hushings, the kilns, the waste, kiln debris and heat-reddened stone.

We will then cross the ford and follow the track to the packhorse bridge. From there we will walk to Hurstwood reservoir, passing interesting earthworks along the way.

If the weather is wet, a shorter version of the walk will take place.

Dress appropriately for whatever the weather might throw at us, its fairly open and may be wet.  Stout footwear. Packed lunch and warm drink.

Hurstwood Brook. Attribution: Kevin Rushton

Distance:  Approximately 3 – 4 miles

Terrain: Mainly rough track, some gradual descent and ascent

Walk Leader: Catherine Rousseau Jones

Banner Heading:  Packhorse Bridge, Shedden. Attribution: Catherine Rousseau Jones.

Sheep: Courtesy of Lancashire farmers

This is what is said: “Walking is the best possible exercise. Habituate yourself to walk very far”, we wont’ be going along that far with Thomas Jefferson today……